The graphical newspaper report of Nikolai Avvakumov

Nikolai Avvakumov.

Magnitostroy in 1931.

From the collection of the artist's family

The exhibition is dedicated to Nikolai Mikhailovich Avvakumov (1908-1945), soviet drawing artist who was celebrated by graphic arts. Asbest-Perm-Sverdlovsk-Magnitogorsk-Moscow - it was the cities of the artist’s career and life. The formation of his career took place in the 1930s-1940s and was associated with the experience that he got during the work as a correspondent artist: the first practical training was in the Sverdlovsk newspaper Vskhody Kommuny (1929–1930), after was the creative assignment to Magnitogorsk (1930 – 1932), the intensive collaboration with Komsomolskaya Pravda (1932–1941) and editorial office of the other national newspapers, magazines and publishing houses and his selfless work during the creating of a front-line newspaper (1942–1944).

Newspaper «Frontovic». May 1, 1943. From the collection of the artist's family

The work for the printing became the true Avvakumov’s vocation, who showed his skill to combine expressive temperament with the accuracy of the drawing in his chronicle graphic arts. Fine art expert Sofya Prorokova said: It is a special gift - the sens of the newspaper. Avvakumov obtained it as he had constantly has a contact with life. During his business trips, he had usually drown ready-made pictures, imagining them among sketches and articles. Working in the newspaper the artist has to quickly concentrate and skilfully solve the artistic problem - artist shouldn't make any mistake and he has a few time for development of the composition. It was necessary to be ready to mobilize at any time when he was looking for successful and interesting material for a new reportage. In addition, during the creating of drawings for printing, the artist was facing the some technological limitations which defined by the particularity of newspaper illustration : its laconicism, its generalization, its clarity and its preciseness. Along with the original drawings, newspaper's reproductions are presented at the exhibition that give us insight into the scale of individual illustrations, their place on the page and the role of narrative newspaper report.

Nikolai Avvakumov.

The Factory yard.

Early 1930’s. Ekaterinburg Museum of Fine Arts

The artist’s drawings which were collected in the exhibition are very diverse. Together with the artist, we are moving to the building yard of the future industrial giant, we are present at the launch of the first Soviet stratostat, we are becoming eyewitness the last important minutes before the divers dip into the water, we plunge into the coolness of a spring day in Kabardino-Balkaria, we find ourselves among the musicians who are preparing for their performance. A gallery of portraits of Avvakumov's contemporaries is located before us - the heroes of the era, seen through the artist's eyes.The sketches to the posters, created in the middle of 1930’s and expressively commented on the socio-political world agenda occupy a special place at the exhibition. Nikolai Mikhailovich went up the line and became one of the red Army man in 1940’s. Nevertheless he continued to work as an artist. He took part in publication of more than three hundred issues of the Frontovik newspaper - each of them had a new illustration of the drawing artist. He created up-to-the-minute newspaper report sketches from the front-line and he also got hand in the skill of an engraver to print the drawings.

Nikolai Avvakumov.

The Factory.

Early 1930’s. Ekaterinburg Museum of Fine Arts

The exhibition “Graphic Report of Nikolai Avvakumov” presents works of the 1930’s – 1940’s from the collection of the artist’s family (Moscow), as well as works from collections museums’ Yekaterinburg and Asbest. The exposition is accompanied by archival material, that was linked with the life and oeuvre of N.M. Avvakumov.

About the artist:

Nikolai Mikhailovich Avvakumov (1908 in Asbest-1945 in Moscow) was a Soviet drawing artist. He graduated from the art - pedagogical College in Perm (1928), after that he moved to Sverdlovsk and joined the AHR of the Ural’s branch office (he was the chairman from January to August 1930). He was an artist in the editorial office of the Sverdlovsk newspaper "Voskhody communy" from 1929 to 1930. In the summer of 1930 he was sent to Magnitostroy, a few months later he made a decision to stay and work as a full-time sketch artist. There he met the Moscow residents - Semyon Narinyani who was an essayist and Boris Prorokov who was an artist. In 1932 he entered the Moscow polygraphic Institute.

There his professors were S. V. Gerasimov, K. N. Istomin, M. S. Rodionov. From 1932 to 1941 he worked as an artist-correspondent in the newspaper "Komsomolskaya Pravda" and cooperated with Moscow publishing houses. During the war he created the newspaper "Frontovic" (1942-1944), that printed for the soldiers on the front line. Since 1944, he became a member of the Studio of military artists named after M. B. Grekov and continued his work in the front line, documenting important evidences during the emancipate of the European cities. After a wasting disease he passed away in December 1945. In 1976, the Memorial Museum of N. M. Avvakumov was opened in Asbest. The artist's works are kept in the Tretyakovskaya gallery, the Russian Museum, the Museum of fine arts named after A. S. Pushkin, the literary Museum, the Perm’s art gallery, the Magnitogorsk’s Museum of local lore, the Yekaterinburg’s Museum of fine arts and the other Russian museums, as well as in private collections.

Nikolai Avvakumov in the editorial office newspaper Komsomolskaya Pravda. The 1930’s. Photo was taken from the collection of the artist's family


08 November 2019 - 19 January 2020

Voyevodina str., 5

Adults: 250 RUB