Artists of the Ural factories. The art of the late 18th - the first half of the 19th Century
The Artists of the Ural Factories exhibition is part of The Ural Factories Artistic Culture of the End of the 18th – First Half of the 19th Centuries project, which is carried out jointly with the “Folk-Talk” Ural Folklore Association and with the Presidential Grants Fund support. For the first time, there are over 70 exponents that will be presented in a single exhibition space, reflecting the main directions of the Ural art productions - lacquer painting, Nevyansk icon painting, copper decorated dishes and artistic bronze, stone-cutting, decorated weapons, artistic cast iron, painting and graphics.
In recent decades, attention to the Ural mining culture has been reflected in literary works and textbooks. At the same time, museum practices and projects designed to popularize the Ural culture, focused exclusively on local art centers or individuals. Moreover, all of them, with some rare exceptions, were concerned with the period of the second half of the 19th - beginning of the 20th Centuries and often interpreted the artistic heritage of the Urals through the prism of Pavel Bazhov's tales. A fundamentally different approach to the formation of the exposition and analysis of the artistic culture of the mining Urals was chosen for the Artists of the Ural factories exhibition.
By the end of the 18th Century, the region has over 30 mining settlements. Nizhny Tagil, Nevyansk, Kushvinsky, Zlatoust, Ekaterinburg and other plants emerged and developed near ore deposits. The population of the factory towns was made up of assimilated indigenous inhabitants, serfs, driven from central Russia, Old Believers and invited foreign specialists. Owners of enterprises and factory managers supported self-taught artists and sent them to receive professional education in St. Petersburg and abroad. The return of these masters to work at factories served as an impetus for the development of the Ural painting, arts and crafts and architecture. At the same time, invited professional artists and local masters in the artistic processing of stone and metal worked in the Urals. Western designs were widely used: German models were used in artistic casting, academic engraving was used in icon painting and tray crafts, and court architects’ sketches based on Western European models were used to create stone-cutting works. All of the above contributed to the emergence of an original mining culture of the Urals.
The opportunity to acquaint the modern viewer with the era of crafts origin was created thanks to the project partner museums: the State Hermitage Museum, the Zlatoust City Museum of Local Lore, the Kamensk-Ural Museum of Local Lore named after I.Ya. Styazhkin, the Nevyansk Historical and Architectural State Museum, the Nizhny Tagil Sanctuary Museum “Gornozavodskoy Ural”, as well as the State Archive of the Sverdlovsk Region and the Mining Museum of St. Petersburg State Mining University.
In order to truly understand the distinctiveness of the mining Urals, it is important to assess the industrial production role in the development of artistic practices and emphasize the high level of professional training of masters and artists. Without factory facilities and knowledge of production technologies, it would be simply impossible to exist many local crafts. The Artists of the Ural factories exhibition is designed to draw attention to the culture of the Urals during the formation and establishment of regional art centers.
An important component of the project will be the first reconstruction of the mining population costumes at the turn of the 18th – 19th Centuries. It was carried out by the Ural Folklore Association “Folk-Talk”, relying on the Walking on the Fox Mountain canvas by V. Khudoyarov and some other paintings by Ural artists of the first half of the XIX Century.
The opportunity to get acquainted with the clothes and life of the mining population will be granted within the educational program of the exhibition: at authorial tours and lectures, the Ural costume of the XIX – early XX Centuries demonstrations and specially organized traditional youth festivities - “Ural evenings”.
12 October 2019 - 01 December 2019
Voyevodina str., 5
Adults: 250 RUB